Infinitive or Gerund?
After some verbs, either an –ing forms or an infinitive can be used.
Advise forbid hear prefer start
Allow forget intend propose stop
Can’t bear go like regret try
Begin go on love remember watch
Continue hate permit see
Remember and forget
Remember/forget + -ing forms looks back at the past – at things that one did.
Forget……ing is used mostly in the phrase I’ll never forget…..ing, and expressions eith similar meaning.
Remember/forget + infinitive looks forward in time-at things one still has or still had to at the moment of remembering or forgetting.
I forgot to buy the soap.
Go on + -ing forms means continue
Go on + infinitives refers to a change of activity
She stopped talking about that and went on to describe her other problems.
Regret + -ing form looks back at the past-at something that one is sorry that one did.
Regret + infinitive is used mostly in announcements of bad news.
To talk about making an experiment-doing something to see what will happen-we use try + -ing.
To talk about making an effort to do something difficult,we use either try + infinitive or try + -ing.
Learn and teach
These verbs (and others with similar meanings) are followed by –ing forms mostly when we are referring to lessons or subjects of study.
She goes to college twice a week to learn typing.
Infinitives are preferred when we talk about the result of the study-about successfully learning a skill.
She learnt to read German at school, but she learnt to speak it in Germany.
Like, love, hate and prefer
After these four verbs, both infinitives and –ing forms can often be used without a great difference of meaning.
After would like, would prefer, would hate and would love, infinitives are most often used.
Begin and start
Begin and start can be followed by infinitives or –ing forms. Usually there is no important difference.
After progressive forms of begin and start, infinitives are preferred.
I’m beginning to learn karate.
Infinitives are also preferred with understand,, realize and know.
He started to realize that if you wanted to eat you had to work.
Attempt, intend, continue, can’t bear, be accustomed to, be committed to
After these words and expressions we can generally use either an –ing form or infinitive without much difference of meaning.