استفاده نادرست حرف اضافه

کاربرد نادرست حروف اضافه (قسمت دوم)

استفاده نادرست حرف اضافه: Using a Wrong Preposition: i


استفاده نادرست حرف اضافه

اشتباهات اغلب با به کار بردن حرف اضافه غلط بعد از کلمات معین رخ می دهند.

فهرست زیر شامل کلماتی می باشد که اغلب درد سر ساز می باشند:

[wptabs type="accordion"]
[wptabcontent]38. Guilty of, not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: He was found guilty for murder.
Say: He was found guilty of murder [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]39.  Independent  of,  not  from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say:  Clare's independent from  her parents.
Say:  Clare's independent of her parents.

Note: We say dependent on : A child is dependent on its parents. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]40.  Indifferent  to,  not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: They're  indifferent  for  politics.
Say:  They're  indifferent  to  politics. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]41. Insist on, not to.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: He always insisted to his opinion.
Say: He always insisted on his opinion.

Note:  Persist  takes  in:  He persisted in his silly Ideas. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]42. Interested in,  not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say:  She's not  interested for  her work.
Say: She's  not interested in her work.

Note:  Also tak e  an  interest  in :  She  takes a  great  interest  in  music. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]43. Jealous  of,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: He's very jealous from his brother.
Say: He's very jealous of his  brother. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]44. Leave for a place, not to a place.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: They're leaving to England soon.
Say: They're leaving for England soon.
 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]45. Live  on,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: He lives from his brother's money.
Say: He lives on his brother's money.

Note:  Feed  on:  Some birds  feed on  insects. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]46. Look at, not  to.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Look to this  beautiful picture.
Say: Look at this beautiful picture.
Note: Also gaze at ,  stare at ,  etc.  But:  look after
 (= take care of) ;  look for
(= try to  find);  look over (= examine);  look into
 (= examine closely); look  on
or upon (= consider);  look dow n on (=  have a  low opinion  of) ,  look up to
(=  respect);  look out for (=  expect);  look forwar d to
 (= expect wit h  pleasure);
look to (=  rely on) [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]47.  Married to,  not  with.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Angela was married with a  rich man.
Say:  Angela was married to a rich man.

Note :  Also  engage d  to :  Sally was  engaged to  Peter  for a year 
before  they got married. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]48.  Opposite to,  not from[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Their house is  opposite from ours.
Say:  Their house is opposite to ours.

Note : Opposit e ours is also correct.
 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]49.  Pass by a place,  not from a place.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Will you  pass  from  the  post-office?
Say: Will you pass by the post-office?

Note:  Also pass th e post-office is correct. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]50.  Play for a team, not with a  team.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: He  plays  regularly with  that team.
Say:  He plays regularly for that team. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]51.  Pleased  with,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: The teacher is  pleased from me.
Say: The  teacher  is  pleased  with  me.

Note:  We  say please d at or pleased wit h  if an  abstract noun
  or a clause follows :. They  were  pleased at  (or  with)  what 
 he  said;. They  were  pleased at (or  with)  her  results. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]52.  Popular  with,  not  among.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: John's  popular among  his friends.
Say: John's popular with his friends. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]53.  Prefer  to,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: I prefer a blue pen from a  red one.
Say: I prefer a blue pen to a red one.

Note:  Also  preferabl e  to:  This  car  is preferable  to  my old one. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]54. Preside at or over, not in.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Who presided  in the  last  meeting?
Say: Who presided at (or over) the last meeting? [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]55.  Proud  of,  not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say:  He's very proud for his promotion.
Say: He's very proud of his promotion.

Note: We say take (a) pride in A craftsman takes a pride in his work .
 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]56. Rejoice at or in, not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: We  rejoiced for  her success.
Say: We rejoiced at (or in) her success. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]57. Related to,  not  with.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Are you related with  Simon  in any way?
Say:  Are you  related to Simon in any way?
Note: Also relation to: Is he any relation to you? [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]58.  Repent  of,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: He  repented from his  crime.
Say: He repented of his crime.Note: Repentance takes for: He fee/5 repentance for his sin.
 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]59. Satisfied  with,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Are  you  satisfied from  your marks?
Say: Are  you  satisfied with  your marks?

Note: Also content with, delighted with, unhappy with, happy with 
, displeased with, dissatisfied with, disgusted with. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]60.  Similar to,  not with.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't  say: Your house is similar with mine.
Say: Your house is similar to mine. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]61.  Sit at a desk etc., not on a desk etc.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: The  bank manager was sitting on his desk.
Say: The  bank manager was sitting at his desk.

Note: Also sit at a table. But on a chair, on a bench, on a sofa,
 etc.; in an arm-chair, in a tree or up a tree. A bird 
sometimes perches {= sits) on a tree. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]62. Spend  on,  not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: I spend a  lot of time for my computer.
Say: I spend a lot of time on my computer.
 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]63. Succeed in,  not  at.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: I  hope he'll succeed at his work.
Say: I hope he'll succeed in his work.

Note: A person succeeds to a property, a title, or an office: Queen Elizabeth II
succeeded to the throne in 1952. Also one person can succeed another. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]64.  Superior to,  not from  or  than.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: This is superior from  (or than)  that.
Say: This is superior to that.

Note: Also inferior to, junior to, senior to, subsequent to, prior to. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]65.  Sure  of,  not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say:  I'm  quite  sure  for her honesty.
Say: I'm quite sure of her honesty.

Note: Also certain of: I am quite certain of it [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]66.  Surprised at or by, not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Harold  was surprised for the  loud  bang.
Say: Harold  was surprised at/by the  loud bang.

Note: Also astonished at/by, amazed at/by, alarmed at/by, puzzled at/by, shocked at/by


 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]67.  Suspect  of,  not for.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: I suspect Kate  for stealing the pen.
Say: I suspect Kate of stealing the pen.

Note: Also suspicious of: Dogs are suspicious of strangers.
 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]68. Take  by,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say:  Robert took his  brother  from  the  hand.
Say: Robert took his  brother by the hand.

Note: Also: hold by, catch by, seize by, snatch by, grasp by. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]69. Tie to,  not on.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say:The girl tied  the string  on  the  kite.
Say:  The girl tied the string to the  kite.

Note: Also bind to: The prisoner was bound to the stake. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]70. Tired  of,  not from.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: The boys are tired  from  eating boiled eggs.
Say: The  boys are tired of eating boiled eggs. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]71. Translate into, not to.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: Translate this passage to  English.
Say: Translate this passage into English. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]72. Tremble with cold, etc , not from cold, etc.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: The man was  trembling from  cold.
Say:The. man  was trembling with  cold.

Note: Also shake with and shiver with: The thief was shaking with fear. [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]73. Warn  (a person)  of danger, not about danger.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: They were warned  about  the  danger.
Say: They were warned of the danger.

Note 1: Use warn about for specific things: They warned us about the bumps in the road.
Note 2: We warn a person against a fault: His teacher warned him against
breaking the rules.
 [/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent]74.  Write in ink, not with ink.[/wptabcontent]
[wptabcontent] Don't say: I've written the  letter with ink.
Say: I've written the letter in ink.
Note: We use in when we are referring to the final work: The drawing was
done in charcoal. Dora writes her letters in green ink. When we are referring
 to the instrument used we use with: The children are learning to write with a
pen. Helen prefers to paint with a thin brush. [/wptabcontent]
[/wptabs]

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